GOST (Russian: ÐÐÐ¡Ð¢) refers to a set of technical standards maintained by the Euro-Asian Council for Standardization, Metrology and Certification (EASC), a regional standards organization operating under the auspices of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS).
All sorts of regulated standards are included, with examples ranging from charting rules for design documentation to recipes and nutritional facts of Soviet-era brand names (which have now become generic, but may only be sold under the label if the technical standard is followed, or renamed if they are reformulated).
The notion of GOST has certain significance and recognition in the countries of the standards' jurisdiction. Russian government agency Rosstandart has gost.ru as its website address.GOST standards were originally developed by the government of the Soviet Union as part of its national standardization strategy. The word GOST (Russian: ÐÐÐ¡Ð¢) is an acronym for gosudarstvennyy standart(Russian: Ð³Ð¾ÑÑÐ´Ð°ÑÑÑÐ²ÐµÐ½Ð½ÑÐ¹ ÑÑÐ°Ð½Ð´Ð°ÑÑ), which means state standard.
The history of national standards in the USSR can be traced back to 1925, when a government agency, later named Gosstandart, was established and put in charge of writing, updating, publishing, and disseminating the standards. After World War II, the national standardization program went through a major transformation. The first GOST standard, GOST 1 State Standardization System, was published in 1968.